• October 5, 2004 · Transcript provided by Federal News Service

    The order of the first question was determined by the candidates in advance, and the first one goes to Vice President Cheney.
    Vice President Cheney, there have been new developments in Iraq, especially having to do with the administration's handling. Paul Bremer, the former head of the Coalition Provisional Authority, gave a speech in which he said we have never had enough troops on the ground -- or we've never had enough troops on the ground. Donald Rumsfeld said he has not seen any hard evidence of a link between al Qaeda and Saddam Hussein (Bush的致命弱点). Was this the fruit of a report that you requested that you received a week ago that showed there was no connection between Abu Musaab al-Zarqawi and Saddam Hussein?
    VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: Gwen, I want to thank you and I want to thank the folks here at Case Western Reserve for hosting this tonight. It's a very important event, and they've done a superb job of putting it together.
    It's important to look at all of our developments in Iraq within the broader context of the global war on terror. And after 9/11, it became clear that we had to do several things to have a successful strategy to win the global war on terror, specifically that we had to go after the terrorists wherever we might find them, that we also had to go after state sponsors of terror, those who might provide sanctuary or safe harbor for terror (What about Afghanistan?). And we also, then, finally had to stand up democracies in their stead afterwards because that was the only way to guarantee that these states would not again become safe harbors for terror or for the development of deadly weapons.
    The concern about Iraq specifically focused on the fact that Saddam Hussein had been for years listed on the state sponsor of terror; that he had established relationships with Abu Nidal, who operated out of Baghdad; he paid $25,000 (不算多少钱吧) to the families of suicide bombers; and he had an established relationship with al Qaeda.
    Specifically, look at George Tenet, CIA director's testimony before the Committee on Foreign Relations two years ago, when he talked about a 10-year relationship.
    The effort that we've mounted with respect to Iraq focused specifically on the possibility that this was the most likely nexus between the terrorists and weapons of mass destruction. The biggest threat we face today is the possibility of terrorists smuggling a nuclear weapon or a biological agent into one of our own cities and threatening the lives of hundreds of thousands of Americans.
    What we did in Iraq was exactly the right thing to do. If I had it to recommend all over again, I'd recommend exactly the right -- same course of action. The world is far safer today because Saddam Hussein is in jail, his government's no longer in power, and we did exactly the right thing.
    MS. IFILL: Senator Edwards, you have 90 seconds to respond.
    SEN. EDWARDS: Thank you. Thank you, Gwen, for moderating this debate. Thank you, the folks of Case Western, and all the people in Ohio for having us here.
    Mr. Vice President, you are still not being straight with the American people. I mean, the reality, you and George Bush continue to tell people, first, that things are going well in Iraq. The American people don't need us to explain this to them. They see it over the television every single day. We lost more troops in September than we lost in August; lost more in August than we lost in July; lost more in July than we lost in June.
    The truth is, our men and women in uniform have been heroic. Our military has done everything they've been asked to do.责任推给总司令。不得罪士兵,表示同情和赞赏。
    And it's not just me that sees the mess in Iraq. There are Republican leaders, like John McCain, like Richard Lugar, like Chuck Hagel, who have said Iraq is a mess and it's getting worse. And when they were asked why, Richard Lugar said because of the incompetence of the administration. (Richard Lugar looks like a traitor, hh)
    What Paul Bremer said yesterday is they didn't have enough troops to secure the country. They also didn't have a plan to win the peace. They also didn't put the alliances together to make this successful.
    We need a fresh start. We need a president who will speed up the training of the Iraqis, get more staff in for doing that. We need to speed up the reconstruction, so the Iraqis see some tangible benefit. We need a new president who has the credibility, which John Kerry has, to bring others into this effort.(也不敢说直接撤军,也就是不敢否认侵伊是错误的,与Kerry立场相左)
    MS. IFILL: Would you like 30 seconds to respond, Mr. Vice President?
    VICE PRESIDENT CHENEY: I would. We've made significant progress in Iraq. We've stood up a new government that's been in power now only 90 days. The notion of additional troops is talked about frequently, but the point of success in Iraq will be reached when we have turned governance over to the Iraqi people, they've been able to establish a democratic government. They're well on their way to doing that. They'll have free elections next January for the first time in history.(sounds reasonable, well-planned. But 伊拉克民主关你什么事,未来可预料? )
    We also are actively, rapidly training Iraqis to take on the security responsibility. Those two steps are crucial to success in Iraq. They're well in hand, well under way, and I'm confident that in fact we'll get the job done. 我不信
    MS. IFILL: You have 30 seconds --
    SEN. EDWARDS: Yes. Mr. Vice President, there is no connection between the attacks of September 11th and Saddam Hussein.
    The 9/11 commission has said it. Your own secretary of State has said it. And you've gone around the country suggesting that there is some connection. There's not. And in fact, the CIA is now about to report that the connection between al Qaeda and Saddam Hussein is tenuous at best. And in fact, the secretary of Defense said yesterday that he knows of no hard evidence of the connection. We need to be straight with the American people.
    MS. IFILL: Time for a new question, but the same topic, this time to you, Senator Edwards.
    You and Senator Kerry have said that the war in Iraq was the wrong war at the wrong time. Does that mean that if you had been president and vice president, that Saddam Hussein would still be in power? (good question)
    SEN. KERRY: Here's what it means. It means that Saddam Hussein needed to be confronted (不敢推翻,其实何妨?关键自己有弱点,就是曾经投票支持出兵)-- John Kerry and I have consistently said that, it's why we voted for the resolution; but it also means it needed to be done the right way. And doing it the right way meant that we were prepared; that we gave the weapons inspectors the time to find out what we now know, that in fact there were no weapons of mass destruction; that we didn't take our eye off the ball, which are al Qaeda, Osama bin Laden, the people who attacked us on September the 11th.
    Now remember, we went into Afghanistan -- which, by the way, was the right thing to do. That was the right decision. And we -- our military performed terrifically there. But we had Osama bin Laden cornered at Tora Bora. We had the 10th Mountain Division up in Uzbekistan available. We had the finest military in the world on the ground. And what did we do? We turned -- this is the man who masterminded the greatest mass murder and terrorist attack in American history. And what did the administration decide to do? They gave the responsibility of capturing or killing Saddam -- I mean Osama bin Laden to Afghan warlords who just a few weeks before had been working with Osama bin laden.
    Our point in this is not complicated. We were attacked by al Qaeda and Osama bin Laden. We went into Afghanistan, and very quickly the administration made a decision to divert attention from that, and instead began to plan for the invasion of Iraq. And

  • Foreword:
      The trip to a photo workshop in Hermann, Missouri in September 2004 might become either the very beginning or my swan song in my pursuit toward professional photojournalism.
       I was admitted to the University of Missouri, Columbia in Fall 2004, but without any financial aid offered. I still ask for a week's leave and bought a ticket to fly to the middle American state. I felt at home when I saw the photo professors and students, talented and kind of having a touch of art.
       The photo workshop was an eye opener for me. There I saw photo journalism big shots from National Geography, Time magazine, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times and many other publications. The lectures they gave and pictures they showed were for me, in Chinese saying, more than reading 10 years of books.
       TJ is a subject of my first try on documentary photography, or picture story.  The photos are included in the workshop's website <a href="http://www.mophotoworkshop.org/56/students/wu.shtml" title="workshop" target="_blank">http://www.mophotoworkshop.org</a>
       The several days with him was also used to write an interview story for my writing class.
    <a href="http://www.mophotoworkshop.org/56/students/wu.shtml" title="workshop" target="_blank"><img src="http://photos4.flickr.com/5320661_a577da1a87_m.jpg" alt="TJ Penula, a percussionist graduated from a music college, picks up a trumpet to lead the class of brass and wood instruments." align="left"></a>Click the image to see more of my works in the photo workshop.

    Profile 2: TJ Panula, a Man of Notes
    By Gang Wu, for Jour Writing assignment, due Sep 21 (1 week delayed due to the trip)

    When TJ Panula sits down in front of a set of drums with a pair of sticks in hand, he becomes a fiend.
       The sticks fly over the drums from left to right, high and low, only to be followed by a tidal wave of exploding sounds filling the rehearsal room.
       For a moment the tide may ebb away, replaced by soothing rustling of the paced beats. It’s the rhythm of jazz.
       A percussion graduate from Colver Stockton College, he could have become a professional musician touring with a band from one place to another. In fact, he did not do so.
       “I really like to play my own music on a band,” TJ said. “But I can’t do that, I want to have a family.”
       While many of his earlier friends are still on the road, the 28-year-old man has settled down teaching school kids music, first in St. Louis, now Hermann. He decided to move from a sizable city to the small town of German community in Missouri in 2001, because he likes “to live in a beautiful rural area.” Besides, teaching at a small school gives him more flexibility to implement his own ideas, he said.
       He set up a jazz band soon after he came to Hermann High School to be the band director of the student concert band. He also established a “Musical Explosion” performance group, which adapted the Tony Award winning Broadway Show Blast.
       The debut performance of the musical band last year made a hit in town, as local people and tourists filled up the 500-person auditorium in the school. The group is rehearsing again these days in preparation for a new show scheduled on October 15 and 17.
       TJ said he feels happy when he sees the kids make progress and enjoy more in the music world. But he admitted that directing a band, especially the musical performance group, could be stressful at times.
       “I almost yelled at them when I felt stressed out sometimes, ” said TJ.
       But his students said he has become much better now.
       “Mr Panula has changed a lot since his son was born a year ago,” said Shane Fulgham, a high school concert band member who has been learning percussion for years. He said he has learnt a lot from Mr Panula since he came to take over the bands.
       TJ admitted the birth of his son Sean has changed his life.
       He used to practice drumming at least one hour a day at home in order to keep his skill. Now he has to take care of his baby when he goes home. Sometimes when his nurse wife is too busy at work, he will leave school earlier to pick up Sean at a day care near his home, a dozen miles out of town.
       He gets up before 6 am every morning, dresses up the baby and packs up everything so that his wife can take Sean to the day care. When his wife washes clothes after work, TJ may be feeding the one-year-old and cooking dinner.
       “We share the house chores usually,” said TJ. “My wife often work 12 hours a day in the hospital.”
       TJ is no less busy at school. The musical performance practice often starts at 7 am. Then there are jazz band and music appreciation classes. He also teaches different levels of bands in adjoining Hermann Middle School, which will keep him running from one building to another every afternoon.
       “The workload is ok for me,” TJ said, smiling. “I’m refreshed after I eat something at dinner.”
       On the huge screen connected to a PC in the rehearsal room, a picture shows his baby Sean sitting on a grassland, smiling at his dad.

  • 2005-02-21

    Profile about Ricky

      “I’m not happy with the work I’m doing now, so I decided to come here,” said Ricky Nahorniak, in his first journalistic writing course in the University of Nevada, Reno. The two-year program will lead to a master’s degree in journalism.
      With a short haircut and moderate frame, he is the “quiet-type” of person as he pointed out himself. But he insisted he is not trying to hide himself from others, “I’m just not that loud.”
      He began to tell his story. His speech was quiet, but well-paced.
      After finishing a bachelor’s degree as an English major three years ago, Ricky has been working at a gambling game company named International Gaming Technology.
      “It is boring,” he said, adding that it is just jackpot promoting paperwork.
      Whenever someone won in the game, Ricky had to write a piece to declare his victory, so as to attract more customers.
      He loves writing, but he said he wants to write something interesting instead of that promotion stuff.
      “Writing is nice, not only writing for newspaper, but also other kinds of writing,” he said.
      Admitting he has not written a lot besides the promotion paperwork, he emphasized his love toward writing anyway, and believed he will love to write as a journalist, even though the new career will mean less pays than from his current job.
      Ricky dose not think he is handsomely paid at the gaming company. Yet he is aware that the industry of journalism might require even longer hours and less pay.
      “But as long as I’m happy and the pay is enough to pay my bills, I don’t care how much I will earn as a journalist,” he said.
      Switching to a new career is not easy. Actually Ricky has not quit his current job, as he is buying a new house that will cost him about $200,000.
      He will move into the new house in September with his wife. The financial pressure will not end there as they will have to pay the house by installment.
      Also, he will have to well-allocate his time between work and study in order to keep both going.
      His shift in the company goes from Wednesday to the weekends. And fortunately he has the break of Monday and Tuesday to go to school.
      Considering the homework and assignments given by the professors, he does not seem to have much time for a breath of relief.
      “I have to sacrifice my time of staying with my wife, but I think she understands,” said Ricky, who got married four years ago when he was 24.
      “My wife told me she is happy as long as I am happy with what I am doing,” he use the word nice to describe his woman.
    By Gang Wu  
      Ricky does not appear to be happy until he talked about his favorite game of ice hockey. He said he loves this game. He used to play it on a weekly basis in Sparks.
      But he has not played the expensive game for weeks. The full gear for the game will cost $600 and each hour of play $20.
      “I’m poor now, actually broke,” he shrugged.
      A California-born man, he has never stepped out of the land of the USA. If he had enough money, he would surely like to travel around the world, he said.

      The career in journalism will give him some hopes, maybe.

  •   By Gang Wu,  For Journalistic Writing, Jour 607
    It has been only 29 years since I came to this world. Yet the earlier years of my life seem so vague now when I look back, as if they are fragments scattering along immeasurable distances.

    I do remember those half-demolished earth-built houses behind my old house, where a dozen kids in the neighborhood played hide-and-catch. I remember the haunting bats hanging on the ceiling of a giant cave on a nearby mountain. I also remember the small river winding through the heart of the town, where I went to swimming three times a day in my fifth grade of elementary school – on my way back from school at noon, my way to school after lunch, then evening after school again. I was thrilled when I found swimming in and out of the then crystal clear water was like flying in the weightless universe.
    I believe my love toward the beauty and myths of nature started from my very early years, as I often looked into the sky to watch the clouds during the day and the stars in the night. I remember the four shooting stars I spotted on a summer night when three boys and I sneaked out of the classroom teamed with students preparing for the national College Entrance Examination. I told the guys we would be blessed by the shooting stars. It was not easy to enter college at that time as less than half of the students would usually pass. But we did make it.
    My hometown, located in the mountainous southwestern China, shrank away as I grew bigger and bigger and stepped out at 19 to big cities, first Wuhan, then Beijing. I got my first Bachelor’s degree in Huazhong University of Science and Technology in Wuhan, majoring in English. In 1998 I moved on to Beijing, where I spent another two years to get a second Bachelor’s in China School of Journalism, majoring in international journalism. After graduation in 2000, I began my reporting career at China Daily, the sole national English-language newspaper in China. This lasted till this August when I quit my job and embark on a graduate program in the University of Nevada, Reno, in the United States.
    These steps are seemingly simple. But how many efforts I have put in and how much hardship I have sustained at every jump are known only by myself. I do not want to mention them again. Sometimes I thought life is interesting, you never know where you are going and what you will eventually be. In my childhood I have always been dreaming to be a scientist. In my high school I chose to be a science-oriented student. But later my scores of my college entrance examination did not qualify me to be a computer science major. Then I switch to English, a liberal art subject I had always been good at during high school. I am such a complicated person. On one hand, I could score 142 on a 150-point scale in physics. On the other hand I could barely pass a math test.
    The complication has been clearing up these years. I know I no longer want to be a scientist or engineer working on formulas and equations. I found an interesting world in human being. The culture and history of various nations, the happiness or sadness of individuals, the wit and foolishness of people all contributes to a colorful world of human society. As a journalist, I will be happy to watch them, as if watching the starry sky.

  • 2005-02-19

    + Technorati

    <a href="Technorati">http://technorati.com/claim/j67h6ujckf">Technorati Profile</a> Technorati Profile

  • 
    Who cares? We cycled out into the streets that used to be permanently jammed by traffic of automobiles, bikes and pedestrians. People were all scared by the invisible deadly disease and dared not went out. Thank goodness the sunny day when we ride from China Daily through big and small hutongs and Tiananmen Square to Taoranting Park became an unforgetable experience that might never occour again.
    For a time the air was as if floating with a spectre named SARS. Now when I look back, the white mask became the symbol of a history, happiness in fear.


  • Since the earlier 1980s, China has been opening up to the world as it adopted economic reform aimed at building a market economy. Hot money floods in. Various products are exported to the world. Cable TVs, radio stations and newspapers mushroom. Like Americans, Koreans and Japanese do, youngsters in Chinese cities wear almost the same excessively big T-shirts and baggy pants, and have their hair dyed in all kinds of colors. 
    But if you think the door is completely open and everything flows freely, you are wrong. In China, if you type in www.time.com on a computer connected to the Internet, you will find no page can be opened. If you try to tune in to the short-wave program of the Voice of America in Chinese language, you hear the Voice engulfed in noisy play of a Chinese woodwind instrument called suona. If you walk out of the luxury hotel and visit a Chinese friend’s home, you will find channels like CNN or BBC are no longer seen. It is not that the Internet connection breaks down, or the radio signals are too weak, or the Chinese people do not want to watch the satellite news program. They are simply blocked, jammed or cut off from Chinese people.
    The Time magazine is believed to be hostile to the ruling Communist Party of China. The VOA is seen as a foreign mouthpiece “dreaming of peacefully transforming China into a capitalist country.” As for CNN or BBC, I don’t know. Any organization which wants to install a satellite disc, like a university or a newspaper, must first apply for a license from China Radio and Television Broadcast Bureau. The ordinary citizens? No way.
    But Why?
    Do you think the Chinese people are just credulous fools that anybody could talk them into rebelling against the authority? Are the reports on American media really so malicious or ill-minded, or are they merely biased or lacking objectivity? Ok. If the cold-war sentiment of keeping on watch of anti-Communism intentions makes some sense, what about the censorship among our own people?
    When covering news about the state leaders, the mass media can comment nothing but report what they said. They are afraid to “make political mistakes.” In Internet chatrooms or message boards, words like democracy or the former president’s name Jiang Zemin will be automatically deleted or the whole message blocked. The ban does not only apply to politics. The initial number of people infected with SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome), for example, was not disclosed at first last year until rumors of the deadly disease flew all over and a doctor stood out to tell the truth to foreign media. Why are they doing this? This time, the catchword is stability.
    “Stability prevails over everything,” China’s paramount former leader stated. It is true that a stable and peaceful political environment will guarantee the continuing growth of economy and improvement of people’s living standards. But the Chinese government apparently lacks confidence of its people. They do not understand that in a open world, information from not only the positive side, but also the negative side, will do no harm to a society governed by the law. The balanced reports will only help people sharpen their eyes and make their own conclusion of right or wrong.
    Chinese journalistic theory, mouthpiece and tool
  • I've been noticing it for a while that American boys tend to wear their pants half way down on their butts, exposing the real white flesh - they might think it sexy. Well, today I found the coolest way of decribing this fasion. Commenting on a blog entry about the youths' infatuation with tatoos (http://www.spokesmanreview.com/blogs/nhb/archive.asp?mon=Jul2005), one visitor says, "Another fashion that needs to go: Wearing pants at half mast. Ugh."
  • 2005-01-01

    * Back to School

    It's nice to be back to school. The three months of summer vacation passed as if it did not ever exist. I was like a walking dead night and day without doing much meaningful stuff. Although anticipation of having to study and work again was a bit scary, when I did sit in a classroom listening to the instructor raving all over the world, it felt cool. I'm having three courses this semester. So far, I find this will be a semester with all courses that I like. Photojournalism, Travel Writing, Interactive Media. Since UNR has not graduate-level photo-j class, I have to sign up for an so-called independent study supervised by a graduate faculty member. In order to learn more from a interactive class atomosphere, I asked for a photo-j instructor's consent to sit in on his undergraduate-level class. It is a beginning class for journalism students, but I felt so good this morning when I sat with the class, watching slide-shows of New York Times' receent storm story. The instructor, Ira, as most photojournalists in China, is not an academic professor but a rough journalist talking the rough River-and-Lake's talk. Although some students who checked out cameras from my lab last semester complained to me that he is mean, I think I like this guy so far as you don't make him mad. The travel writing class, according to students who took it last semester, is very interesting. I guess it should not be boring, as you might learn a lot about how professional travel writers tell stories of wonderful places in the world. It will help me a lot in how to describe a place, people's life and whatever comes to your senses. It's important to learn how to tell a travel story with taste. Before I got to know the syllabus of the interactive media class, I had thought it might be another multimedia class similar to what I took last semester. I'm sort of tired of doing those flash, quicktime and streneous video editing, ect. It turned out to be a completely different course. This class will focus on how people are utilizing the Internet to do journalism. There are many techs involved, such as blog, known as a new way of citizen journalism in which every ordinary individual can serving as a journalist to report things happening around him. The only thing that scares me is that in the end we'll have to write a literature review and "contribute to a publishable chapter" to a class project concerning an aspect in interactive media technology. This got to be a hectic semester, as I'll have three courses, lab management work, and some driving tasks morning and evenings. Let's enjoy and I'll keep feeding you guys with some of my works here.