• 2006-12-07

    + Names are important

    版权声明:转载时请以超链接形式标明文章原始出处和作者信息及本声明
    http://www.blogbus.com/newswolf-logs/3986767.html

    曾经置疑为什么国内的新闻摄影总是少有人的名字,总是以“某人”或者“一名”工人、农民或者什么角色的人物在干什么而一笔带过。也问过一些国内图片编辑,在部分表示赞同我的观点的同时,多半也表明这是中国国情,一时还无法办到,甚至有反置疑不能凡事照搬西方的。不了了之。

    刚看到一个美国报纸The Dallas Morning News的摄影记者Mark Hancock谈起关于署被拍摄主体人物的名字的问题,对于美国摄记的行规更加清楚了。首先,如果记者拍的照片不署名,那么多半报纸不会用这张图片,记者的辛苦就算白费,所以他们总是认真地再拍摄现场立即记下对方的名字。另外,Hancock还谈到报纸为什么不愿接受没有署名的图片,“any image can run as an “unnamed person” in the cutline under our byline name. I don’t want this because it means I failed our readers.” 跟我以前理解的一样,他也提到,給图中人物署名是对新闻人物最起码的尊重,“可不能让我们的读者失望啊”。

    我曾经有一个技术上的疑问,就是美国的摄记在拍摄时,是事先征得对方的同意才上去拍摄呢,还是拍完以后再抓住对方问名字(个人认为是后者具有可操作性,因为你是抓新闻,而不是让对方摆,即使他不摆,也会因此不自在了)。Hancock的博文回答了我这个疑问。他也是拍完才问,而且他特别讲述了问人的技巧:拍完后,手拿纸笔,面带诚恳笑容,自报姓名和报纸名字,然后说我已经拍了你刚才在干什么的照片,我们“需要”你的名字,please。他强调这一招的有效性,多半情况下对方都不好意思拒绝,因为处于礼节,你首先自报姓名,对方也应该报自己的名字。而且,“绝大多数人都都以能上报纸为荣,也希望自己的名字被标出来”。

    不错。但是,真的怀疑在疑神疑鬼的中国人民面前是否行得通。我还想问一下Hancock在遇到拍摄负面消息的时候对方是否还会合作,他又会怎么办。

    先把他的文章在这里留个备份吧:

    People's names are important

    Andrew Batt, chief photographer at The Wokingham Times series in the UK, asked a question in the comments section of the last swimming photo. He asked about getting subject’s names in America (as opposed to UK policies). Because it’s an important question, I’m answering here rather than having it lost in a comment section below.

    If a person isn't identified (named), it probably won't run at most American newspapers. IF we get someone committing murder, then it's a different deal. However, any image can run as an “unnamed person” in the cutline under our byline name. I don’t want this because it means I failed our readers.

    Because most publishers are strict about names and spellings, PJs fight extra hard to get names so the image can run. Otherwise, we’re wasting time.

    With children, I normally ask the child to point out a parent or guardian. They know the child's name (spelled correctly). If they have a problem with giving out the child's name, there's always another cute kid somewhere who would love to be in the newspaper.

    I don't appreciate it when PJs deny people the right to have their name in the news. People like to be in newspapers, magazines or on TV. They also tend to like their names. By denying a person the honor of asking their name, it’s akin to saying their name is insignificant.

    It’s an honor to get into the newspaper. Not everyone can do it. I want people to know they won’t die unobserved. Each person is important and deserves to have their name known. If they turn down this honor, it’s their choice. Not mine.

    Normally, it’s all in how the subject is approached to get names. If the PJ smiles a lot and explains who s/he is and why s/he shot, the subjects will normally give their name.

    Here is exactly what I say to people as I directly approach them with pencil and paper, “Hi. I’m Mark Hancock, and I work for The Dallas Morning News. I made a photo of you a moment ago while you were (doing something), and I need your name please.”

    This statement answers most questions and doesn’t give them much room to escape. I’ve given them my name. Common courtesy is for them to give me their name. I’ve let them know for whom I work (a big, legitimate newspaper), and de facto why I made the image. I let them know the image is already done. At this point, they would need to turn back time to make it disappear.

    Most importantly, I told them I “need” their name. This is true. I do need it so the image can run. It’s not that I want, desire or would like to know their name, I “need” it. If they choose not to let me know their name, then they’re turning down a person in “need.” Tsk tsk...

    Then, I cap it off with a polite “please,” smile again and put my pencil on the paper. I show them what I’ve written so they can see I spelled their name correctly and we are both good. Meanwhile, other people have seen what I’ve done, and they can drop their guard a bit. They know I’m working and doing my job.

    I’m not harming anyone or doing anything bad or unusual. Just letting people have a chance to shine and maybe they’ll get to cut out a piece of paper to stick to their refrigerator for a while.

    Although it wasn’t specifically asked, I’ll address another issue with getting names. People want the PJ to commit that the image will run. We don’t know. We don’t make the final decision. If a PJ says, “This will run,” there’s potentially a huge problem. What if it doesn’t? Then the PJ is a liar.

    Instead, say it “could” or “might” run, but let the subject know the PJ isn’t the publisher and doesn’t make the final decision.

    原文链接:http://markhancock.blogspot.com/2004/09/peoples-names-are-important.html

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  • 那个那个,偶算是同行,给一个msn或者qq好不,俺给你送钱,当然,俺要用用你的稿子啦,比如比如说这篇~~

    我的邮箱就是偶的msn啦
    GT News回复maomao说:
    这message怎么像是那种发在哪里都行的spam啊?还是我太cautious?

    此文根本就是评论别人的文章而已啊。
    2006-12-16 17:39:08
  • 吴钢,你好!今天在google上搜索river town 看到了你的博客,内容丰富.我是涪陵Fuling-River Town 的人,我们应当算老乡了吧.欢迎回家乡来看看!
    GT News回复stroamer说:
    Stroamer,我是南川人,以前属于涪陵地区。不过也是同一方水土了。看起来好像您在教书?网站上都是教育信息。
    2006-12-17 18:50:50
  • 哎呀妈呀一把辛酸泪啊,最近这个中国人的“疑神疑鬼”可着磨死我啦!·……%¥—……(*—(*)……



    不过我和专业的摄影出去的时候,人家也的确是拿着小本记名字的,先甭管对方怎么着,这首先是新闻从业人员的素质问题啊!赫赫~~